Scientists have long debated the extent to which nature and nurture shape who we are. In this video, SOFIE VALK seeks to cast light on this debate. Employing methods including neuroimaging techniques, twin and genotype samples, comparison with primate brains and machine learning, Valk argues that both genetic and environmental factors shape the human brain, impacting human thoughts and feelings. Her research helps to identify biological rules describing how the structure of the human brain can support human cognition. Such rules have important applications to understand mental health and disease, and may help understand how brain and behaviour interact.
The studies look into the perception, planning, and generation of human cognitive abilities and cerebral processes, and analyse the interaction and common functional bases of their production and perception. Other research focuses on plastic changes in the human brain and the influence this has on various cognitive abilities, and also the neuronal and hormonal basis of modern diseases such as high blood pressure and obesity. In addition, the further development of imaging methods for the neurosciences is a focal point of research at the Institute.
The MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences provides an exciting framework for these topical and alluring theoretical domains, with the full gamut of cognitive and neuroscientific methodology available under one roof.
Genetic and phylogenetic uncoupling of structure and function in human transmodal cortex.
Published in 2022
Brain charts for the human lifespan.
Published in 2022
The Structural Model: a theory linking connections, plasticity, pathology, development and evolution of the cerebral cortex
Brain Structure and Function
Published in 2019
Situating the default-mode network along a principal gradient of macroscale cortical organization
Published in 2016