Christina Gathmann How Can We Improve the Performance of Immigrants in the Labor Market?

Christina Gathmann is Professor of Economics at Heidelberg University. Having completed her PhD at the University of Chicago, she has also held research posts at Stanford University. Her main research interests include Labor Economics, Health Economics, Immigration, and, Policy Evaluation. She sits on advisory boards for the German Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology and the Bremen Research Initiative (BRISE). Christina Gathmann received a Young Economist Award from the European Economic Association in 2003.

Area of Research

Public Economics, Labor Economics, Policy Evaluation, Migration, Political Economy

since 2011


Heidelberg University (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)

Department of Economics

since 2009

Research Associate

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)


Department of Economics, Assistant Professor

University of Mannheim (Universität Mannheim)

Department of Economics


Post-Doctoral Research Fellow

Stanford University

Center for Longevity

since 2015

Deputy Chairperson of the Academic Advisory Board

German Ministry of the Economy and Energy (Stellvertretende Vorsitzende, Wissenschaftlicher Beirat des Bundesministeriums für


Ph.D. in Economics

University of Chicago

- Economic Policy (Panel Member, 2017-2018)

- European Economic Review (Associate Editor, 2013-2017)


- Young Economist Award, European Economic Association (2003)

- Röper Prize for Best Graduate in Economics (Humboldt-University of Berlin, 1998))


- Brittson Fellowship for Russian Studies, Hoover Institution (2006-2007)

- Mannheim Center for European Social Research (MZES), University of Mannheim, External Research Fellow (since 2014)

- Research Fellow, CESifo Institute (since 2007)

- Research Fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) (since 2003)

- “Local Labor Market Effects of Plant Openings, New Colleges & Local Public Spending” German Research Foundation, Subproject of the Priority Program “The German Labour Market in a Globalised World: Challenges through Trade, Technology, and Demographics“(SPP 1764), Co-PI: Uta Schönberg (2018-2020)

- “Early Childhood in Transition: Challenges for Parents, Children and Society“, Marsilius Project, University of Heidelberg, Co-PIs: Sabina Pauen, Katja Patzel-Mattern, Jeanette Rose (2018-2020)

Immigrants typically perform much worse than natives in the labor market. Focusing on amendments to German citizenship law enacted since reunification, in this video, CHRISTINA GATHMANN examines the impact of those reforms on the integration of immigrants in the German labor market. The study finds that the German liberalization of citizenship policy by shortening residency requirements improved both employment rates and wages for immigrants. With particularly positive effects being identifiable for marginalized groups (women and those originating from poorer countries), the research has important implications for national and international debates on immigration, integration, and equality.

LT Video Publication DOI:

Access to Citizenship and the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants

  • Chrstina Gathmann and Nicolas Keller
  • The Economic Journal
  • Published in 2017
Chrstina Gathmann and Nicolas Keller. "Access to Citizenship and the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants." The Economic Journal (2017). doi:10.1111/ecoj.12546.

Citizenship and the Social Integration of Immigrants: Evidence from Germany's Immigration Reforms

  • Nicolas Keller, Christina Gathmann and Ole Monscheuer
  • Beiträge zur Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolit
  • Published in 2015
Nicolas Keller, Christina Gathmann and Ole Monscheuer. "Citizenship and the Social Integration of Immigrants: Evidence from Germany's Immigration Reforms." Unpublished. 2015.