Angel Rubio How Can New States of Matter Be Generated on a Theoretical Level?
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Max Planck Society
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Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter
"The Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) investigates dynamical phenomena within matter down to the elementary timescales of atomic and electronic motions, the femtosecond or attosecond timescale. The focus is on the use of short wavelength ultrafast probes, such as X-rays or electron pulses, which are capable of measuring atomic and electronic structures in matter of all kinds." (Source)
The theory of materials science investigates the electronic and structural properties of advanced materials, nano-structures and bio-molecules. In the study explained in this video, the researchers present a novel theoretical method to describe, design and control how molecules and materials in combination with photons may lead to new states of matter with novel emerging properties. The research aims to theoretically find and define new states of matter and potential uses for this new phenomenon, in which atoms, electrons and photons are all entangled. ANGEL RUBIO elucidates why this phenomenon is special for chemistry, for materials science and for the more general concept of finding new quasi particles. The research on new states of matter might be relevant not only for practical applications but also for opening new fundamental research in materials science. A practical application in (bio)chemistry would be to target specific cell-reactions; in materials science, one long term perspective would be to develop more energy efficient devices.
LT Video Publication DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21036/LTPUB10297
Kohn-Sham Approach to Quantum Electrodynamical Density Functional Theory: Exact Time-Dependent Effective Potentials in Real Space
- Johannes Flick, Michael Ruggenthaler, Heiko Appel and Angel Rubio
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- Published in 2015