Scroll to Section:

Ongoing crises around the world prompting refugees to flee their homelands beg us to consider the economic effects of international migration. In this video, ANTONIO CICCONE explores the case of mass migration to what would become West Germany in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Comparing the French occupation zone which restricted access to refugees with the US zone which accepted them, Ciccone and Jan Nimczik identify substantial positive economic effects of migration for the migrants as well as the local population that persist to this day. Ciccone calls for a move away from subjective beliefs regarding the consequences of migration towards more objective, research based knowledge. He sees the study of post-WWII mass migration in West Germany as a step in this direction.


Antonio Ciccone is a professor of macroeconomics in the Department of Economics at the University of Mannheim. He is the Academic Director of Mannheim’s Center for Doctoral Studies in Economics (CDSE) and the Dean of the Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences (GESS). Having completed his PhD at Stanford in 1994, Ciccone has previously held positions at the University of California, Berkeley, Pompeu Fabra University and ICREA. His main research interests include international trade, productivity and intersectoral resource allocation.


University of Mannheim (Universität Mannheim)

For generations, the University of Mannheim has been preparing students to take on leadership roles in business, academia, and society. One of the university’s strengths in this task is its profile, which is characterized by the economic and social sciences. It is in these fields that the University of Mannheim has repeatedly been ranked as one of the top 20 European research institutions. Key focuses of Mannheim researchers include decision-making processes and elections, governance, regulation, competition and innovation, migration and multilingualism, and the culture of change. The campus surrounding Mannheim’s baroque palace is a place where bright minds from across the globe come together to learn, discuss, research, and prepare to make their mark on the world.
Show more

The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) TR 224 – EPoS

The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) TR 224 – EPoS is a cooperation between the University of Bonn and the University of Mannheim. Funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), it aims to analyze and provide policy proposals that address three key societal challenges: how to promote equality of opportunity; how to regulate markets in light of the internationalization and digitalization of economic activity; and how to safeguard the stability of the financial system.

Show more

Original publication

The Long-Run Effects of Immigration: Evidence Across a Barrier to Refugee Settlement

Ciccone Antonio and Nimczik Jan
Published in 2022

Reading recommendations

A Brief History of the Poor Palatine Refugees, Lately Arriv'd in England... In a Letter to a Friend in the Country.[By Daniel Defoe.].

Defoe Daniel
Published in 1709

Market size and spatial growth—evidence from Germany's post-war population expulsions

Peters Michael
Published in 2022

Forced displacement in history: Some recent research

Becker Sascha O
Published in 2022